Who Is Regulating the Regulators?

In the Executive Office of the President is a small office that most people outside the Beltway have never heard of. The Office of Information & Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) reviews agencies’ draft regulations, public information requests, surveys, etc. Across administrations — both Republican and Democratic — it has served as a check on excessive administrative zeal. The Joe Biden administration has yet to nominate someone to head the office.

Susan Dudley and Paul Ray served as the presidentially appointed administrators of the office in the George W. Bush and Donald Trump administrations, respectively. They shared their perspectives on the importance of this “obscure but powerful” office, and what the lack of a confirmed administrator means for the executive branch and its agencies.

Susan Dudley

Director, GW Regulatory Studies Center & Distinguished Professor of Practice

Trachtenberg School of Public Policy & Public Administration, George Washington University


Paul Ray

Director, Thomas A. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies

The Heritage Foundation


Regulatory Process

The Federalist Society and Regulatory Transparency Project take no position on particular legal or public policy matters. All expressions of opinion are those of the speaker(s). To join the debate, please email us at [email protected].