[Fourth Branch] Should You Need a License to Massage a Horse?

In 2012, Celeste Kelly received a cease-and-desist letter from the Arizona State Veterinary Medical Examining Board for engaging in horse massage therapy without being a licensed veterinarian. Hear Celeste’s story and learn more about occupational licensure in this Fourth Branch video.

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As always, the Federalist Society takes no position on particular legal or public policy issues; all expressions of opinion are those of the speakers.

Related Links:

RTP Paper: “Occupational Licensing Run Wild”

RTP Paper: “State Licensing Boards, Antitrust, and Innovation”

“License to Work (2nd Edition)” by Dick M. Carpenter II, Ph.D., Lisa Knepper, Kyle Sweetland and Jennifer McDonald

“Reforming Occupational Licensing Policies” by Morris M. Kleiner

“Occupational Licensing: A Framework For Policymakers” by The White House



Dana Berliner
Senior Vice President and Litigation Director, Institute for Justice


Paul Avelar
Senior Attorney, Institute for Justice


Mark Flatten
National Investigative Journalist, Goldwater Institute


Christina Sandefur
Executive Vice President, Goldwater Institute


Koren Wong-Ervin
Antitrust Attorney


Gov. Doug Ducey
Governor, Arizona


Sen. Mike Lee
U.S. Senator, Utah


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