[Video] Should You Need a License to Massage a Horse?

In 2012, Celeste Kelly received a cease-and-desist letter from the Arizona State Veterinary Medical Examining Board for engaging in horse massage therapy without being a licensed veterinarian. Hear Celeste’s story and learn more about occupational licensure in this Fourth Branch video.

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As always, the Federalist Society takes no position on particular legal or public policy issues; all expressions of opinion are those of the speakers.

Related Links:

RTP Paper: “Occupational Licensing Run Wild”

RTP Paper: “State Licensing Boards, Antitrust, and Innovation”

“License to Work (2nd Edition)” by Dick M. Carpenter II, Ph.D., Lisa Knepper, Kyle Sweetland and Jennifer McDonald

“Reforming Occupational Licensing Policies” by Morris M. Kleiner

“Occupational Licensing: A Framework For Policymakers” by The White House

Paul Avelar

Managing Attorney of the Arizona Office

Institute for Justice


Dana Berliner

Senior Vice President and Litigation Director

Institute for Justice


Mark Flatten

National Investigative Journalist

Goldwater Institute


Christina Sandefur

Executive Vice President

Goldwater Institute


Koren Wong-Ervin

Director, Global Antitrust Institute

Antonin Scalia Law School


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